General Information

What is the objective of this effort?

The objective is to repeal the outdated federal ban on the transplantation of organs from HIV-infected donors. Allowing the use of these organs for HIV-infected patients who require transplants has the potential to save 1,000 lives per year and to save taxpayers around $500,000 in Medicare savings per patient transplanted.[1, 2]

Transplantation has emerged as not only the standard of care treatment for HIV-infected patients with organ failure, but a cost-saving procedure as well.[3] More than 114,000 patients are currently on the active waiting list for organ transplants in the United States, and about 50,000 are added to the list each year. However, fewer than 30,000 transplantations are performed annually.[4] Tragically, many patients die while waiting for a transplant.

Which groups support using organs from HIV-infected donors for HIV-infected recipients?

This effort has been widely supported by the medical community, the transplant community, and the HIV community. View a complete list of supporting organizations.

Do any groups oppose this legislative change?

To the best of our knowledge, no groups oppose this change.

Who can you contact if you have any questions?

For more information on the current ban on HIV positive organ donation, please call 410-614-9345 or e-mail Amy Morris, Outreach Coordinator for the Johns Hopkins Comprehensive Transplant Center.


References

  1. Boyarsky BJ, Hall EC, Singer AL, Montgomery RA, Gebo KA, Segev DL. Estimating the potential pool of HIV-infected deceased organ donors in the United States. Am J Transplant 2011;11:1209-17.
  2. US Renal Data System, USRDS 2011 Annual Data Report: Atlas of Chronic Kidney Disease and End-Stage Renal Disease in the United States. Bethesda, MD: National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases; 2011.
  3. Qiu J, Terasaki PI, Waki K, Cai J, Gjertson DW. HIV-positive renal recipients can achieve survival rates similar to those of HIV-negative patients. Transplantation 2006;81:1658-61.
  4. Based on OPTN data as of January 1, 2012. http://www.unos.org/.